Teeth are very vulnerable to bacteria and can become even more so during pregnancy. Vomiting due to morning sickness, craving for sugary foods, and other pregnancy problems can all lead to gingival inflammation, tooth decay, and other dental problems during pregnancy.
Common oral health problems during pregnancy:
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can originate dental diseases, or exacerbate existing problems. In addition to dental caries and gum disease, it may also cause bacterial infections in the gums and surrounding bones.
1.Gingivitis During pregnancy: Inflammation, tingling, and swelling of the gums.
Gums may also bleed when using a toothbrush or dental floss. You may need to see a dentist to avoid acute gum disease. Your dentist may recommend frequent dental visits during pregnancy for cleaning to prevent any infection.
2. Caries/cavities: Cavities are one of the most common dental problems during pregnancy. One of the causes of caries is increased carbohydrate intake. Morning sickness can also increase the level of acid in your mouth, which covers the enamel of the teeth, leading to tooth decay. Decay also occurs due to lack of calcium intake of the pregnant mother.
3. Pregnancy tumors: Pregnancy tumors often develop during the second trimester of pregnancy. Tumors are swelling caused by excessive tissue growth between the teeth, making them bleed. One of the causes of tumors is increased calculus deposits. This condition can subside after birth.
4. Tooth extraction during pregnancy: When a tooth becomes infected during pregnancy, the dentist may ask to remove the affected tooth, rather than treat it to avoid further damage and more bone loss.
What is the right time to perform dental surgery during pregnancy?
While emergency dental surgery treatments, such as tooth extraction, can be performed safely during pregnancy, advanced treatments are generally avoided until after delivery.
The best time to do any dental surgery is during the second trimester of pregnancy. For the following reasons:
• First trimester: The period from the third to the eighth week is the time when the vital organs of the child develop. Any medications or stress due to tooth extraction can affect fetal development.
• Second trimester: The second trimester is the safest period for extracting teeth and performing any surgical procedure in a semi-reclining position. By this time, the fetus may have grown considerably. Cardiac output increases by 30% in the first trimester. Then normal blood pressure is reached in the 2nd trimester.
• Third trimester: It becomes difficult for a pregnant woman to sit for a long time during these last months of pregnancy. This, in turn, makes you feel uncomfortable.
• Take into account the duration of the session, not to exceed 20 minutes maximum, so that the pregnant woman is not subjected to exhaustion that may lead to pregnancy complications.
Safety of dental surgery emergency procedures during pregnancy
It is possible to perform surgery during pregnancy, but your physician should be consulted because pregnancy requires special treatment with regard to anesthesia and drugs taken by pregnant women after the removal of the tooth or after dental surgery in general, and preferable to postpone this surgery until the end of pregnancy if the surgery is not urgent.
Does anesthesia affect the fetus?
When pregnant women know they need surgery, they are often concerned about the anesthesia associated with the procedure, for fear that this anesthesia affects the fetus in any way. In fact, there is no need for concern, as anesthesia during pregnancy does not affect the fetus in any way. Especially local anesthesia, which is most often used during pregnancy, because this type of anesthesia has a limited oral effect. Anesthesia enters the placenta but is filtered as it reaches the fetus. Your dentist may give you less than usual. Being calm and relaxed during the procedure will help.
Does X-ray radiation affect the fetus?
Some emergency dental surgeries require the presence of x-rays to determine the affected tooth, cyst, or tumor location and size. During this, a lead apron sheet is used to cover the upper body of the patient to avoid any side effects of radiation on the fetus
What medications are allowed during pregnancy?
Antibiotics: The dentist may prescribe penicillin, amoxicillin, and clindamycin, which are safe drugs during pregnancy. If you are allergic to any of these medications, talk to your doctor so that he can prescribe an alternative.
Pain medication: The area in your mouth where dental surgery was performed might be painful for a few days. You can use opiate pain medications as prescribed by your dentist. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen can be used for a short period of time.
Pregnancy is a natural process that occurs in the body and we should not treat the pregnant woman as a sick woman. The pregnant woman should go to the dentist and seek treatment, and there is no need for concern if the pregnancy is stable. The neglect of dental treatment during pregnancy may adversely affect the health of the pregnant woman and the health of her unborn child.